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Flowers & Decorative Plants

PERENNIAL FLOWERS

ACER
AMUR MAPLE (A. ginnala) is a very hardy small tree (to about 20') native to Asia. The bark is silvery, the leaves are a bit small for a maple, flowers are very small but fra-grant. The winged fruits turn red in the summer, and the leaves are a beautiful red in the fall. Sprout seeds in damp peatmoss in fridge or seed outdoors in fall.

ACHILLEA
FERN-LEAF YARROW (A. filipendulina) at 3'-4', is the tallest of the yarrows. The flat-topped golden-yellow flower heads are very large and dry easily.
YARROW or MILLFOIL (A. millefolium). I harvested seed from a good cross section of the plants I have been growing here. I am offering a MIX with flowers from white to a variety of pastel colours.

AGASTACHE
GIANT HYSSOP (A. foeniculum) has tall spikes of lavender flowers on plants to 3'. Dried leaves and flowers make a nice tea. Grows in open woodlands in Saskatchewan. Cold stratify. You may choose between cultivated and wild-gathered seed.
WHITE GIANT HYSSOP (A. foeniculum alba) is a white flowered variant of giant hyssop.

ALCEA
ANTWERP (FIG-LEAF) HOLLYHOCK (A. ficifolia) has large single yellow, pink, red, copper and white flowers in spikes to 5' tall. The plants with large lobed leaves are more vigorous than the common hollyhock (A. rosea). Introduced from Siberia around 1600.
HOLLYHOCK (A. rosea) is a tall biennial or perennial that likes growing against a wall where it can have some support. I am offering a deep RED selection and a MIX.

ALLIUM
ALTAI ONION (A. altaicum) is thought to be the wild ancestor of perennial bunching onions (A. fistulosum). Forms handsome clumps larger than the cultivated species, with large yellowish-white spherical flower heads.
MOUSE GARLIC (A. angulosum) is harvested and consumed in the spring in its native Russia. The flat leaves are bent at the middle rib (hence angulosum). Round mauve flower heads blooming mid-season.
NODDING ONION (A. cernuum) is native to the foothills and Rockies and is an early summer bloomer. The flowers are from white to pink to lavender and are borne in clusters atop the stalks which are bent over so that the flowers nod toward the ground. Grows in the prairies of southern Saskatchewan.
ALLIUM CYATHOPHORUM v. FARRERI is an attractive little plant with flat, narrow leaves to about 8" high. Flowers are a deep reddish purple and bell-shaped in a one-sided pen-dulous umbels.
SMALL YELLOW ONION (A. flavum) has glaucous foliage and loose open umbels of dangling, bell-shaped, straw-yellow flowers. Germinates in 2-3 months at cool tempera-tures.
ALLIUM HYMENORRHIZUM. An Asian native bearing tight round balls of purplish-pink flowers over a long period in summer.
ALLIUM OBLIQUUM is a tall species (2'—3') from northwest Asia looking somewhat like leeks, with tight spherical yellowish-white flower heads.
ALLIUM RAMOSUM is native to central Asia and quite similar to Garlic Chives except that the plants are taller and the white flowers appear earlier.
ALLIUM SCORODOPRASUM ssp. JAJLAE has numerous rosy-violet flowers in round umbels and flat grass-like leaves.
ALLIUM STELLATUM is an upright allium (to about 1 1/2') with pink flowers that I found growing wild on the grounds of St. Peter's Abbey.
ALLIUM TEXTILE is a very short, very early white-flowered allium which is the first plant to show green on the short-grass prairie. This now completes my collection of the three alliums that grow wild in Saskatchewan.
GARLIC CHIVES (A. tuberosum) has showy white, globe shaped flower heads in late summer. The flat leaves are mildly garlic flavoured and can be used like regular chives. Some winter kill here.
GIANT CHIVES may be a selection from chives (A. schoenoprasum) or a separate spe-cies but it has large showy spherical purple flowerheads and you can use it like chives.

AMSONIA
WILLOW BLUE STAR (A. tabernaemontana) is a long-lived perennial which may take 2 or 3 years before it first flowers. The plants are 1'–2' tall, neat and upright, with narrow willow-like leaves. The pale blue flowers are star-shaped and come in clusters. Very drought and cold tolerant.

AQUILEGIA
Columbines hybridize easily so the seed may not be pure. Germination is improved by cold stratification or treatment with gibberellic acid (available from Gardens North). Colum-bines like partial shade.
GRANNY'S BONNETS (A. vulgaris) is a pale blue selection of the spurless coumbine. COLUMBINE MIX contains long-spurred singles and doubles in blues, white, pink, yellow etc. including bicolours.

ARNICA
MOUNTAIN TOBACCO (A. montana) has large golden daisies in summer on 1'–2' stalks growing out of a rosette of 8" downy leaves. This plant from the Alps is traditionally used to treat sprains and bruises.

ASCLEPIAS
SHOWY MILKWEED (A. speciosa) is a stout plant 2'–3' tall with broad oval grey-green leaves. The flowers are pinkish purple in dense, almost globular, umbels, followed by white wolly pods that split to release the large seeds, each with its own parachute. Found in moist places throughout the prairies and parklands. Fall seed outdoors.

ATROPA
CAUCASUS BELLADONNA (A. caucasica) is a handsome upright plant 2'—3' tall and almost as wide. The bell-shaped flowers are purple-brown followed by shiny black round fruits. Medicinal and poisonous. Seeds germinate over a long period, aided by cold stratification.

CAMPANULA
PEACH LEAVED BELLFLOWER (C. persicifolia) The 2'–3' plants bear 2" nodding blue or white flowers (with perhaps some doubles) throughout the summer.
CAMPANULA PUNCTATA – A vigorous 1'–2' bellflower with large tubular bells of creamy-white tinted pink and spotted inside with purple and red, often with bronze red stems. Makes a nice ground cover.
HAREBELL (C. rotundifolia) is a graceful plant (to 1') with wiry stems bearing open blue bells throughout the summer until the first frost. Native to the northern hemisphere, including the prairies and parklands of western Canada.

CENTAUREA
I have a lot of Centaurea species. I have not been able to identify them all and surely some of them are misnamed.
CENTAUREA ALPESTRIS – A mounding plant to 1 1/2' with dark green foliage and bright purple thistle flowers most of the summer.
MOUNTAIN BLUET (C. montana) is a clump forming 2' plant with deep blue spidery flowers blooming in June and somewhat less throughout the summer.
CENTAUREA RUPESTRIS has finely divided greyish foliage topped with pure yellow flowers.
CENTAUREA SCABIOSA is a fairly tall native of the Caucasus with large purple flower-heads and a branching habit. The dried receptacle is quite attractive, silver above with a dark thatched pattern below.

CEPHALARIA
CEPHALARIA CORNICULATA has large scabiosa-like pale-yellow flowers on stiff-stemmed plants around 3' tall.

CHRYSANTHEMUM
PAINTED DAISY (C. coccineum) is a 2' plant with finely cut foliage and unbranched stems supporting red to pink daisies. Also a source of pyrethrum.

CLEMATIS
BORDER CLEMATIS (C. integrifolia) is a herbaceous variety that can serve as a ground cover or can climb through a shrub. Blue flowers are nodding and urn-shaped. Mix seed with moist vermiculite and place in a plastic bag at room temperature. Seed will germinate irregularly over a number of months.
WESTERN WHITE CLEMATIS (C. ligusticifolia) is a tall climber (to 20') with ½" white flowers in clusters, followed by feathery seed-heads. Found in coulees and ravines on the southern prairies.
GOLDEN CLEMATIS (C. tangutica) has bright lemon yellow lantern shaped nodding flowers, followed by fluffy silvery seed heads. A vigorous woody climber.
PURPLE CLEMATIS (C. verticillaris) gives a good show of nodding indigo flowers if it is pruned after flowering. It will climb to 10' or can be used as a ground cover. Grows in shady woodlands in the Cypress Hills. Cold stratify.

DELPHINIUM
CHINESE LARKSPUR (D. chinensis) – Large ultramarine blue flowers in loose sprays. 1½'–2' perennial that is not very long lived but self seeds easily.
DELPHINIUM MIX (D. elatum) is seed I gathered from an old bed of delphiniums where the plants ranged in height from 3' to 6' and most of the flowers were in shades of blue.

DIANTHUS
AMUR PINK (D. amurensis) forms dense mounds to 1' covered with large (for a Dianthus) reddish violet flowers from July to frost.
SWEET WILLIAM (D. barbatus) has been grown in gardens for hundreds of years. The flat topped flower heads are closely packed with single flowers mostly in shades of pink and red with some bicoloured. Biennial or short lived perennial. SOOTY has deeply ma-roon flowers and purplish foliage.
CLUSTERHEAD PINK (D. carthusianorum) – Heads of magenta flowers clustered on the ends of tall (2'–3') wind resistant stems.
MAIDEN PINK (D. deltoides) is a rock garden or ground cover perennial. The plants are up to 1' tall and are covered with white, pink, or red flowers. VAMPIRE has deep red flowers and dark leaves with a purplish cast to them.
DIANTHUS KNAPPII – Sulfur yellow flowers in clusters on 1'–1½' stems above grey green foliage.

DICTAMNUS
GAS PLANT (Dictamnus albus) is a 2'-3' plant that is extremely long-lived but slow to establish itself. It has dark green glossy leaves, and white star-shaped flowers and is strongly scented. The simplest growing method is to seed outdoors in the fall. Other-wise you can cold stratify in damp peatmoss. As the seeds germinate place them in damp peatmoss at room temperature for one month before potting up seedlings. Seed germinates over many months.

DRACOCEPHALUM
DRAGONHEAD (Dracocephalum sp.) is a mint family member with spikes of lovely blue flowers on a rather short plant. Blooms early summer. Short-lived but self-seeds.
DRAGONHEAD (D. ruyschianum) is a native of Europe. Blue flowers cover a mound of fine linear foliage to about 2' in summer.

ECHINACEA
NARROW-LEAVED PURPLE CONEFLOWER (E. angustifolia) has elegant light-purple flow-ers with narrow drooping petals and raised centres on sturdy upright plants. Contains an im-mune system stimulant. Roots are generally harvested after three years. Native to the south-ern edge of the Canadian prairies. Cold stratify seed.
PURPLE CONEFLOWER (E. purpurea) has large (to 4") purple flowers with drooping petals and a darker raised centre. They bloom in late summer and fall on sturdy 2'—5' plants. The root is much in demand as an immune system stimulant.

ECHIUM
ECHIUM RUSSICUM is a borage relative which forms a rosette of large coarsely hairy leaves from which emerge (in the second year) stout spikes of red flowers a foot or so long. Biennial or perhaps perennial.

ERYNGIUM
FLAT SEA HOLLY (E. planum) BLAUKNAPPE is a 2' plant with branching wiry stems, toothed leaves, and rounded steel-blue flower heads with narrow spiny bracts, of a deeper blue than the species. Good dried flower.

EUPATORIUM (EUTROCHIUM)
JOE PYE WEED (E. purpureum) is a US native aster family member which likes even moisture and lots of sun. It is a tall erect clump-forming plant with pinkish-purple flowers in terminal domed inflorenscences blooming summer and fall.

GAILLARDIA
BLANKET FLOWER (G. aristata) – This clump forming plant with its large yellow daisies with orange-red highlights is one of our showiest native species. Grows on dry prairies. I am offering a dwarf cultivated strain.

GYPSOPHILIA
BABY'S BREATH (G. paniculata) can become a weed as it is long lived, very hardy, and self seeds. But it makes a beautiful display of small white flowers which dry very well.

HELIOPSIS
FALSE SUNFLOWER (H. helianthoides) has bright golden yellow flowers on long strong stems from July to September.

HESPERIS
SWEET or DAME'S ROCKET (H. matronalis) is a short lived perennial or self-seeding biennial. Leaves form a grey-green carpet out of which rises a 12"–18" stalk covered with small scented mauve flowers. Blooms in the early spring and well into the summer.

HIERACIUM
ORANGE HAWKWEED (H. aurantiacum) forms a rosette of downy leaves out of which appear flowering stems (under 1') of brilliant orange-red flowers from spring to fall.
SPOTTED HAWKWEED (H. maculatum) has bright yellow flowers and leaves with brick-red markings. A bit taller and with larger flowers than the preceding species.
MOUSE-EAR HAWKWEED (H. pilosella) is a stoloniferous perennial to 1' with felty grey foliage which makes a nice groundcover. Lemon-yellow 1" flowers, striped purple on the back, all summer.

HYPERICUM
HYPERICUM ASCYRON is an erect St. John's Wort about 2' tall with quite large (2") open single yellow flowers.
ST. JOHN'S WORT (H. perforatum) – A compact 1'– 1½' plant producing large num-bers of single bright yellow flowers over a long season. Used medicinally for nervous disorders and healing painful joints and muscles. Does not always overwinter here.
HYPERICUM RICHERI is a more compact, more decorative plant than H. perforatum.

HYSSOPUS
HYSSOP (H. officinalis) has many spikes of dark blue flowers and is very attractive to bees. Antiviral and respiratory system medicinal plant.
HYSSOPUS SERAVSHANICUM appears to be the same as the above but you will get some plants with white flowers as well as the usual blue ones.

ILLIAMNI
MOUNTAIN HOLLYHOCK (I. rivularis), a BC native forms a bush about 4' tall. The large pink saucer-shaped flowers are in racemes and bloom all summer and fall.

IRIS
WESTERN BLUE FLAG (I. missouriensis) has bright lilac-blue flowers with darker veins on slender stems to 2' and grass-like leaves. Likes a moist place to grow. Seed germi-nates over several months at cool temperatures. Light helps.
YELLOW FLAG (I. pseudacorus) makes 2' tall clumps of sword-like leaves with pale yellow flowers. In the wild it grows near the water and will be twice as tall as in our dry garden. The seed needs light to germinate and should give about 50% germination in 2–12 weeks at room temperature. It self-seeds here so you could try fall seeding.
SIBERIAN IRIS (I. siberica) forms attractive clumps of grass-like foliage with flowers often in shades of blue. Will not bloom unless it has adequate spring moisture. Needs light to germinate. Keep flat warm several months, then try oscillating temperatures.

KNAUTIA
KNAUTIA MACEDONICA is a close relative of Scabiosa, with maroon scabious-like flower heads on a much branched 2' plant.

LINUM
GOLDEN FLAX (L. flavum) is a clump forming plant to about 1' with large leaves for a flax and 1" clear yellow flowers.
PERENNIAL BLUE FLAX (L. perenne) forms large clumps with many stalks covered with bright blue flowers. The flowers open early in the morning and have usually shed their petals by mid afternoon, and repeat this pattern all summer.

LOTUS
BIRD'S FOOT TREFOIL (L. corniculatus) is a perennial whose branches lie flat on the ground and cover an area 2'—3' in diameter. The plants are covered with small yellow pea flowers throughout the summer. The tough low growing plants might make a good ground cover.

LUPINUS
LUPIN MIX (L. polyphyllus) grows 2'–3' tall with long spikes of showy pea flowers in a wide range of colours which might include reds, yellows, blues and white.

LYCHNIS
ALPINE CAMPION (L. alpina) has pink to rosy-purple flowers in clusters very early in the spring. Tufted hardy perennial to 1' with narrow leaves.
MALTESE CROSS (L. chalcedonica) is an old-fashioned garden perennial growing 2'—3' high and having dense showy heads of scarlet flowers.
ROSE CAMPION (L. coronaria) is a self-seeding biennial. It grows 24"—30" high and has light grey woolly leaves and bright pink flowers.
SIBERIAN CATCHFLY (L. siberica) forms a neat mound of narrow leaves out of which rise 8" flowering stalks topped with pink flowers.
LYCHNIS x ARKWRIGHTII is a short catchfly with dark green shaded purple foliage and orange-scarlet flowers with notched petals.

LYCIUM
CHINESE WOLFBERRY or KEDO (L. chinense) is a small shrub related to tomatoes, that has been quite hardy here for a number of years. The slender branches have small mauve tubular flowers along their length all summer. The orange-red teardrop shaped fruits (sweet and edi-ble) are more showy than the flowers, hanging from the branches from August to freeze-up. Apparently the leaves are used as greens or to make tea.

MALVASTRUM
SCARLET MALLOW (M. coccineum) is native to the dry prairies but is especially noticeable in disturbed areas where it can form large patches. Low growing (under 1") with divided grey leaves and scarlet to brick-red open single flowers. Cold stratify seed.

NEPETA
CATNIP (N. cataria) is mildly mint flavoured and very attractive to cats. The masses of small white flowers, on 2'–3' plants, make it a good bee plant.
CATMINT (N. x fassenii) has grey leaves that are highly scented and blue flowers in loose racemes. It grows about a foot high and makes a nice groundcover.
BLUE INFINITY (N. transcaucasica) has tall spikes of violet-blue flowers over a long period on 3' plants.

OENOTHERA
BIENNIAL EVENING PRIMROSE (O. biennis) makes a leafy rosette the first year, and sends up a flowering stalk (to 2') the second year. The single open flowers are a bright yellow. Both the young leaves and the tap root are edible. Seed wild collected in northern Ontario.

OXALIS
OXALIS VALDIVIENSIS is a low growing plant with shamrock-like leaves and pale yellow flowers. This selection is mainly grown for its dark purple leaves.

PAPAVER
ICELAND POPPY (P. nudicale) is a short-lived perennial that self-seeds. Pale green foliage and large silky flowers, usually in yellow, orange, or white, on the ends of slender 1' long stems.
ORIENTAL POPPY (P. orientale) forms a mound of coarse hairy leaves with stems to 2' bearing large red flowers with dark blotches in the centres. Spring/early summer blooming.
SPANISH POPPY (P. rupifragum) has semi-double 1"—2" orange flowers at the end of 2' stems all summer long. Most of the grey-green hairy leaves are in a basal rosette about 8" across. A self-seeding perennial that blooms the first year from seed.

PENSTEMON
SLENDER BEARDTONGUE (P. procerus) grows near sloughs and bluffs and in openings in woodlands in the parklands and prairies. The dark blue flowers are borne on 1' stems in early summer. In time the plants will form large colonies. Cold stratify.

PETRORHAGIA (TUNICA)
TUNIC FLOWER (P. saxifraga) is a mound forming plant to about one foot. Has small pale pink flowers with notched petals and grass-like leaves. Like a short pink baby's breath.

PHLOMIS
JERUSALEM SAGE (P. tuberosa) is a tall (4'—6') stiff upright plant. Blooms prolifically all summer with whorls of rosy-purple flowers.

PHYSALIS
CHINESE LANTERN (P. Alkekengi) has brilliant orange inflated 2" calyces surrounding the red berries. These are used in dried arrangements. Close relative to husk tomatoes and toma-tillos and apparently also has edible fruits.

PHYSOCHLANIA
PHYSOCHLANIA ORIENTALIS is a low growing tuberous perennial that appears to be hardy here. It shows signs of growth in the second half of April and is in full bloom by May 1. For about two weeks the plants are covered with clusters of ½" purple-blue trumpet flowers. This Solanum family member is used medicinally in Asia much like henbane. Germination takes place over several months.

PLATYCODON
BALLOON FLOWER (P. grandiflorus) has balloon-shaped buds opening into large five-lobed bell-shaped blue flowers.

POLEMONIUM
JACOB'S LADDER (P. caeruleum) is an upright plant to about 2' with ferny foliage. I am offer-ing a MIX of sky-blue and pure white or pure blue.
POLEMONIUM LANATUM is shorter than the previous species and only has sky-blue flowers.
POLEMONIUM PULCHERRIMUM forms mounds of foliage (under 1') with cup-shaped blue flowers in clusters in spring and occasionally throughout the summer. This native to the Rocky Mountains self-seeds to a limited extent.

PRIMULA
CORTUSA PRIMROSE (P. cortusoides) has a basal rosette of light green wrinkled leaves with pink flowers held above the leaves on 1' stems. It blooms in May and does not like direct sun.
COWSLIP (P. veris) is a spring wildflower from England with bright yellow flowers on downy stems under 1' tall. Likes moisture or part shade.

PSORALEA
INDIAN BREADROOT (P. esculenta) is a densely hairy plant generally under 1', growing from a large starchy edible root. This member of the pea family has small blue flowers in a dense spike. Grows throughout the prairies. Cold stratify seed.

RATIBIDA
YELLOW CONEFLOWER (R. columnifera) The flowers have drooping yellow petals and a brown columnar centre. One of our more attractive wildflowers, it is quite happy in a garden and will self-seed. The semi-dried disk flowers are edible but rather chewy. Common on dry prairie throughout south-central and south-western Saskatchewan.

RHEUM
DECORATIVE RHUBARB (R. palmatum var. atrosanguineum) has large ragged leaves, red-purple especially on the undersides, and tall red flower/seed spikes. Some variability in seed grown plants so select for the darkest colours.

RHODIOLA
ROSEROOT (R. rosea) has grey-green leaves on a low sprawling plant and red flowers. This close relative of Sedum has a rose-scented root which is used medicinally.

SALVIA
LYRE-LEAVED SAGE (S. lyrata) is grown mainly for its rosettes of large deep purple leaves which send up flower stalks (to about 1') of small violet flowers.
SALVIA NEMEROSA ssp TESQUICOLA – A hardy perennial salvia, clump forming, up to 3' tall with long spikes of dark violet-blue flowers.
MEADOW SAGE (S. pratensis) has 1'–2' stalks of deep pink flowers coming out of rosettes of wrinkled green leaves.
ROSE QUEEN SALVIA (S. superba) has rose flowers in 9" spikes from June to Sept. on 2' plants.

SCABIOSA – PINCUSHION FLOWER
SCABIOSA CAUCASICA has long-stemmed pincushion-like round flower heads of a vivid blue colour all summer long.
SMALL SCABIOUS (S. columbaria) is a British wildflower to about 1' tall with lilac to pink flowers. DWARF BLUE is a selection with blue flowers.
SCABIOSA OCHROLEUCA is an erect plant (to 2 1/2') with greyish foliage bearing many pale yellow pincushion flowers from early summer to freeze-up.

SEDUM – STONECROP
SEDUM MIX – All Sedums are succulent plants good for ground covers or in rock gardens. I grew a sedum mix and gathered a bit of seed. There should be yellow and pink flowered varieties, and some with green, blue-green, or variegated foliage.

SEMPERVIVUM
HEN AND CHICKS (Sempervivum sp.) are succulent hardy evergreen perennials with dense rosettes of fleshy leaves, forming offsets of tiny rosettes, the "chicks." Starry flowers on short leafless stalks in a variety of colours.

SIDALCEA
PRAIRIE MALLOW (S. malviflora) is a clump-forming plant, 2'–4' tall with deeply divided leaves and spikes of rosy-red mallow-type flowers blooming in late summer.

SILENE
SILENE DINARIA forms a rosette of shining, almost leathery, dark green leaves about twice as long as they are wide. The almost leafless flower stalks appear in June with clusters of single 1/2" white flowers.
RED CAMPION (S. dioica) is an English wildflower. The 2'–3' branching flower stalks rise out of rosettes of coarse green leaves. Many pink flowers in spring and much of the summer.
NOTTINGHAM CATCHFLY (S. nutans) bears many white flowers with long, deeply di-vided petals. Blooms in early summer and many re-bloom if cut back or given sufficient water. A bushy plant to about 2'.
SILENE PUSILLA is a low growing plant (under 1'), a mound of strap-like leaves with short flower stalks bearing white 5-petaled flowers with notched petals.
SILENE UNIFLORA is a mound of grey-green leaves producing single white flowers on short stalks in spring and summer.

SISYRINCHIUM
BLUE-EYED GRASS (S. montanum) grows to 1' tall with narrow grass-like leaves and small bright blue flowers in late spring. Grows in meadows and moist places in western Canada.

STACHYS
BETONY (S. officinalis) is a mint relative that makes a low mound of green leaves out of which rise spikes of purple flowers to about 1'. Mistakenly identified as S. affinis.
LAMB'S EARS (S. byzantina) is grown mainly for its thick mat of densely white-woolly leaves. The pink or purple flower spikes are small.

STYLOPHORUM
WOOD POPPY (S. diphyllum) has light green foliage and open bright yellow flowers borne over a long season. Likes moist ground in semi-shade but will tolerate full sun.

TROLLIUS
GLOBE FLOWER (T. europaeus) is a native of Europe where it grows in wet places. Deeply cut dark green leaves and egg-yolk yellow almost spherical flowers.

VALERIANA
VALERIAN (V. officinalis) has domed heads of delicate white to pink scented flowers on 3'—4' plants. Likes full sun and moist soil. The highly aromatic roots are used to make a sedative. Valerian is a host for parasitic wasps that are helpful in the garden.

VERBASCUM
NETTLE-LEAVED MULLEIN (V. chaixii) forms a large rosette of grey-green leaves and spikes of yellow or white flowers with purple centres.
DARK MULLEIN (V. nigrum) grows about 3' tall, half of which height is the slim spikes of yel-low flowers which bloom all summer.
VERBASCUM PHOENICEUM 'VIOLETTA' Flower stalks to 3' bear many purple flowers most of the summer. The large leaves are mostly in a basal rosette.

Perennial Flowers and Grasses - $3.00 per packet

PERENNIAL GRASSES

BIG BLUESTEM (Andropogon gerardii) was the dominant grass of the Tall-grass Prairie,
the moister areas of the Great Plains. A 4'—6' clump-forming grass that gets off to a slow start each spring. Has grey-green leaves turning bronze-red in autumn, and airy purplish flowers shaped like a turkey-foot. Grows in the moister eastern part of the Saskatchewan prairies.
GIANT WILD RYE (Elymus cinereus) is a tall coarse clump-forming grass to 6' tall with
flower spikes to 12" long. Grows occasionally in southern Saskatchewan.
BLUE FESCUE (Festuca ovina v. glauca) forms spiky silver-blue mounds of foliage.
SWEET GRASS (Hierachloe odorata) is a vigorous 1'—2' plant growing rapidly in spring
with broad light-green leaves and golden panicles. Burnt like incense by native peoples. Spreads far too agressively for general garden use. Common in the Parklands. Rub the tiny seed out of the husk for better germination.
SWITCH GRASS (Panicum virgatum) is another 4'—8' Tall-grass Prairie variety. It has
grey-blue leaves and feathery masses of green to pink flowers, and colours up beautifully in the fall. Remains showy throughout the winter. Grows in the moister eastern part of the Saskatchewan prairies.
FEATHER GRASS (Stipa capillata) has stiff, erect, grey-green narrow leaves in a dense
clump. The narrow panicles with long twisting awns rise 1'—2' above the leaves, blooming in late summer.
PORCUPINE GRASS (Stipa spartea) is a clump forming grass to over one meter growing from southern Saskatchewan south across the US great plains. The long awns give an airy appearance to the seed heads.

Perennial Flowers and Grasses - $3.00 per packet


 

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