Flowers & Decorative Plants
Most of the following are old fashioned self seeding varieties. I probably grew about half of them. The rest come from friends and relatives, total strangers, small seed growers and a few from commercial sources. For other decorative plants see Grains and Seed Crops, and Runner Beans.
Annual Flowers and Grasses: $3.00 per packet
CORN COCKLE (Agrostemma Githago), a wildflower from Europe, is a close relative of Lychnis. The single flowers, pink with dark veins, open flat and are about 2" across. The plant's growth habit resembles that of bachelor's buttons.
All varieties of amaranth have high protein edible seeds, and the young leaves and shoots can be eaten like spinach. For more amaranth varieties see "Seed Crops". LOVE LIES BLEEDING or CHENILLE PLANT (A. caudatus) makes a good display: green foliage contrasting with bright red seed heads that hang down to the ground like ropes. Pink seeds.
TURQUOISE (A. caerula) is an annual 2' member of the mint family. The purplish plants with tiny metallic blue flowers are sweet scented and dry well.
SNAPDRAGON (A. majus) is an old-fashioned flower in a variety of colours, growing 1' - 2' tall.
APTENIA CORDIFOLIA is a South African succulent plant with small bright green heart-shaped leaves. The low growing plants sprawl to 2'-3' and look good in hanging baskets. Small bright pink flowers for most of the summer.
CALENDULA or POT MARIGOLD (C. officinalis) usually blooms in a mixture of yellow and orange shades. This selection also has some darker shades and contrasting centres. The flowers have been used for centuries in cooking (hence pot marigold), dying and in skin ointments. FLASHBACK MIX has red or maroon backs on the petals. The upward facing side may be orange, apricot, peach, vanilla or yellow with sometimes several colours on one flower. The flowers close in the evening showing off the red backs.
BACHELOR'S BUTTON or CORNFLOWER (C. cyanus) is a slim 2' plant native to Europe where it grows in farm fields (hence cornflower). Flowers are blue, or less common-ly pink, light blue or mauve. Self seeds easily. SWEET SULTAN (C. moschata) is taller and more branched than the previous variety, and has large mauve or white thistle-like flowers.
HONEYWORT (C. major purpurea) is a striking Mediterranean plant with glaucous (covered with a white "bloom" which can be rubbed off) grey green leaves. The blue flowers, yellow at the base, are small but the deep blue bracts are very showy. Tolerates some frost and the plants retain their colour well into the fall.
DEERHORN CLARKIA (C. pulchella) CONFETTI MIX has slender spikes of pink, lavender and lilac flowers with lobed petals like antlers on a slender upright plant with willow-like leaves.
PINK CLEOME (C. serrulata) is also called spider flower because of its narrow petals and long stamens. The 2'—3' plants have loose heads of soft pink flowers and self sow easily.
BLESSED THISTLE (Cnicus benedictus) has bright yellow 1" flowers on a thistle-like plant to 2', with attractively marbled leaves. Has been used for many medicinal purposes.
LARKSPUR (C. ajacis) is an annual delphinium, a very erect plant about 2' tall with finely divided leaves. The flowers are borne in spikes over a long season. Both the flowers and seed pods are used in dried arrangements. All larkspurs do better if fall seeded. I am offering a PURPLE AND BLUE MIX which might also contain a few pinks and whites.
BLUE CLOUD (C. regalis) is taller than the other varieties and looks like a blue baby's breath but with larger (½") florets. A few plants will probably be pink flowered.
DWARF RED PLAINS COREOPSIS (C. tinctoria) has bright red flowers on 1'—2' plants and some plants with bi-coloured (red and yellow) flowers.
GOLDEN CORYDALIS (C. aurea) forms low mounds of pale green finely divided leaves, out of which rise racemes of golden yellow flowers. Annual or biennial which self-seeds in our garden. The plants which pass the winter as a rosette make a good display early in the spring. Those seedlings which come up in the spring bloom summer to fall but generally suffer from the heat of summer. Common on the edge of woodlands and in areas of disturbance throughout Saskatchewan.
C. bipinnatus is native to Mexico and cultivated since 1799. Direct seed to produce 3' plants that bloom from mid summer until frost. SENSATION MIX has 2" — 4" diameter single flowers in pure white, pink or red.
C. sulphureus has bright orange-red double flowers about 1½" across. I am offering SUNNY RED, a compact variety with flowers in orange-red shades.
Daturas are tall robust plants, usually annuals but some are perennials in warmer cli-mates. The trumpet-shaped flowers are usually large and often scented. All parts of these plants are poisonous. Seed many take several months to germinate, and is greatly helped by treatment with Gibberelic Acid (GA-3), which is available from Gardens North.
DESERT THORNAPPLE (D. discolor) has white 4" — 6" trumpet flowers with purple throats. Rather short (1 ½') for a datura with greyish foliage and nodding spiny pods.
TRUMPET FLOWER (Datura sp.) Has large, lightly scented pure white trumpet flowers followed by spiny pods which split open when mature.
JIMSONWEED (D. stramonium) is a sturdy, fast growing annual about 3' tall and al-most as wide. The scented white flowers only open at night and are followed by large prickly seed balls. It has been used for centuries for medicinal purposes. Self seeds to a small extent here and, as the seeds are very long lived, seedlings will probably come up for a number of years.
ARISTOCRAT (Dicranostigma Franchetianum) is a well-branched 2' plant with grey green foliage. The bright clear yellow 2" poppy flowers cover the plant most of the summer, followed by long slim pods similar to those of California poppy.
DICRANOSTIGMA LEPTOPODUM forms a large rosette of leaves divided almost to mid- rib. From the rosette rise 1½' stems which are almost leafless and somewhat divided. The 1" yellow flowers are almost identical to Aristocrat and are borne liberally most of the summer with some re-blooming in the fall.
WILD CUCUMBER (E. lobata) is a native Saskatchewan vine that grows about 8 feet. In the wild this fast growing annual climbs bushes but you might try covering a trellis with it. Leaves are light green, yellowish-white flowers are followed by prickly seed balls. Seeds need cold to germinate properly. Seed in the fall or very early in the spring, or stratify (in damp peatmoss in fridge) before seeding.
CALIFORNIA POPPY (E. californica) self seeds all over the garden but it is not especial-ly difficult to control. With its cheerful yellow orange flowers and finely cut blue-green foliage, it is a "weed" I can live with. It is one of the earliest flowers in the spring and blooms most of the summer.
SNOW-ON-THE-MOUNTAIN (E. marginata) is an upright plant about 1 1/2' tall with in-significant flowers but very showy leaves with clear white margins. Direct seed in the garden as soon as the soil is dry enough to work. Likes full sun and is drought resistant.
LINDHEIMER'S GAURA (G. lindheimeri) is perennial in its native Texas but not in most of Canada. This is a slender graceful plant, 2' - 3' tall, with a loose spike of tubular rosy-white flowers, blooming all summer and fall.
HELIANTHUS – SUNFLOWER
AUTUMN BEAUTY (H. annuus) produces many 6" flowers in yellow, bronze and mahog-any-red, with a darker zone. Branching plants to about 7'. VELVET QUEEN has dark burgundy-red flowers with almost black centres. Branching plants to about 7'.
TEDDYBEAR has 4" — 6" very double golden-yellow blooms on plants only about 2' tall. MUSIC BOX is a multi-branched sunflower 2" — 2 1/2" tall with 2" — 4" single flowers in shades of yellow.
TALL SPLENDID EVERLASTING (H. bracteatum monstrosum) has large double flowers in a good range of colours – red, orange, yellow to white. The most popular flower for drying.
TOUCH-ME-NOT (I. roylei) or Himalayan orchid was introduced in Europe in 1839. Its self-seeding habit can make it a nuisance in wet mild climates. It is a fast growing annual, reaching 5' — 6' tall with stems 1" in diameter at the base. The orchid-like flowers hang from the ends of the branches and are in varying shades of pink. The ripe seed pods "explode" and shoot their seeds with the least pressure.
OLD SPICE MIX (L. odoratus) has red, rose, blue, violet and white flowers. This selection has cultivars from 100 to 250 years old. Flowers are smaller but with stronger sweeter scent than modern cultivars. Good cut flower and will scent a whole room. Seed as early as you can in the spring as they like cool soil.
UNWIN'S STRIPED MIX has some solid colours as well as picotees, stripes and flecks, all highly fragrant.
ROSE MALLOW (L. trimestris) is a tall (3') sturdy plant with large single pink flowers. It blooms early and continues through most of the summer.
NORTHERN LIGHTS (Linaria maroccana) is a selection of Maroccan Toadflax with 1/2" flowers in spikes, in shades of red to yellow and almost white. Plants up to 2' tall and good for cut flowers.
WHITE FLOWERED FLAX (L. grandiflorum alba) is a slender 1' — 1½' annual, free flowering over most of the summer. The inch wide pure white flowers only last a day but are replaced each day with others. Direct seed as they do not like their roots disturbed. May self seed.
SCARLET FLAX (L. grandiflorum rubrum) is identical to White Flax except for the colour of the flowers. The two flaxes will cross, giving a mixture of flower colours unless they are isolated.
GERMAN CHAMOMILE (M. recutita) is a 1' — 2' self seeding annual with finely divided leaves. The white inch wide daisies with yellow centres are sweet scented and used to make a relaxing tea.
EVENING-SCENTED STOCK (M. bicornis) has lilac-pink ¾" flowers that open in the evening to scent the air with a powerful perfume. The 1½' — 2' plants self-seed so establish a patch near your patio.
SHOO FLY PLANT (N. Physalodes) has sky-blue, inch-wide bell-shaped flowers that only open wide in full sun. Unusual papery five-winged pods are useful in dried arrange-ments. Vigorous bushy plants are about 3' tall. Start as a bedding plant and will selfseed. BLACK ROD has deep purple stems and the pods are blushed purple. A bit taller and more slender with somewhat smaller leaves than the preceding variety. SPLASH OF CREAM has green leaves varigated with white.
Tobaccos are all started as bedding plants.
SMOKING TOBACCO (N. tabacum) grows to about 6' and has rose flowers. Large leaves may be soaked to make an insecticide. HAVANA is a fast maturing cultivar.
All of the annual poppies I am listing here, except Papaver rhoeas, are 2' — 3' tall, have grey-green leaves, stiff stems, and large seed-capsules suitable for drying.
PEONY POPPIES (P. somniferum) have very double flowers. I am offering RED and WHITE varieties.
CORN POPPY (P. rhoeas) is a mixture I harvested from my sister's garden, probably mostly lighter shades and maybe a few darker ones.
KENTUCKY OLD FASHIONED is an early example of petunia breeding work. It has been grown by a Kentucky family for about 100 years. It self seeds here but you will get earlier flowers if you start it as a bedding plant. A mixture of purple, pink, and white fragrant flowers, including bi-colours, on sprawling plants that bloom until frost.
WILD HELIOTROPE (P. tanacetifolia), a native of the western USA, grows 18" — 24" tall, has lavender-blue flowers and blooms freely throughout the summer and fall. Very attractive to bees and also used as a green manure crop.
PAISLEY FLOWER (S. sinuata) is a 1' — 2' native of Chile and a member of the Solanum family. It has large funnel-shaped flowers that may be yellow, violet, red or bluish, which are strikingly veined with purple. Blooms all summer and fall.
TEXAS SAGE (S. coccinea) grows 2' — 3' tall and is a perennial in its native southern US and Mexico. Has tall spikes of brilliant red blossoms which are very attractive to hummingbirds.
SOAPWORT (S. vaccaria) is 24" — 30" tall, has grey green leaves and produces large quantities of single flowers. I am offering ROSA BELLA, a pink flowered variety. Very good as a cut flower.
ST. MARY'S MILK THISTLE (S. Marianum) Striking rosettes of large glossy, dark green, spiny leaves streaked and marbled with white, followed by 2" wide rose-purple faintly scented flower heads on 4' — 6' stalks. Very attractive to bees and birds who love the seeds. Seed is both edible and has medicinal properties. Direct seed.
SIGNET MARIGOLD (T. signata) LEMON GEM produces a low mound of lacy foliage covered by hundreds of small single lemon-yellow flowers. The whole plant is lemon scented and the flowers are a lovely addition to salads. Blooms from early summer to frost. Direct seed or start as bedding plants. GEM MIX includes flowers in a wide range of yellows and browns.
NASTURTIUM (T. majus), a Peruvian native, has been grown in gardens for a very long time. The shield-shaped leaves have a tangy, cress-like flavour and are used in salads.
Flowers are also eaten and buds and seeds can be pickled. The original nasturtiums were long trailing plants but I'm offering two compact varieties.
EMPRESS OF INDIA has dark bluish-green foliage with flowers of an intense crimson-scarlet and dates back to the late 1800's.
ALASKA MIX has variegated foliage marked with creamy white and flowers in a range of reds, oranges, and yellows.
JOHNNY-JUMP-UP (V. tricolor) is an annual or short lived perennial that self-seeds easily. Its cheerful purple, yellow, and white flowers are among the first to appear in the spring and may bloom off and on until frost.
AZTEC SUNSET (Z. haageana) is under 1' tall with double flowers in a wide range of colours from yellow and orange to pink and coffee-brown with many bi-colours.
ZAHARA ROSE (Z. marylandica) grows about 1' tall with bi-coloured rose and white flowers with a yellow centre.
PURPLE MAJESTY MILLET (Pennisetum glaucum) has deep purple foliage looking like a small corn plant (to about 4'). There are three or more dense purple seed spikes, up to 1' long, per plant. Young plants are green and full sun develops the best colour.
Annual Flowers and Grasses $3.00/pkt.